Maybe the world’s most popular and most visited attractions are historical attractions. And when it comes to historical attractions around the world, some names jump out instantly. Here are 5 such historical wonders you have to see in your lifetime.
Taj Mahal is one of the most iconic historical wonders in the world. It is world-famous not only for its architectural beauty but also for the story behind it. It is a mausoleum built to house the remains of the favorite wife of Mugal Emperor Sha Jahan. The construction of the Taj Mahal started in 1632 and it took 20 long years to complete the construction. Over 20000 men from India, Persia, Ottoman Empire and Europe worked on the structure. In 1983, it was declared a UNESCO world heritage site. Every year, over 3 million holidaymakers visit India to see this historical wonder in the city of Agra.
Photo Credits (Flickr CC): Taj Mahal by jurvetson
The Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China looks like an arc of a dragon’s tale across many mountains, valleys and deserts. It is believed to be the largest defensive structure ever made and is one of the most symbolic and iconic constructions in the world. Actually it is a collection of many small walls that were joined in different times. The construction of the Great Wall started in the 7th century BC and over the next 2000 years, it was built, repaired, rebuilt and fortified. The length of the entire wall is approximately 8,850 km (5,500 miles).
Photo Credits (Flickr CC): Great Wall of China by keithroper
Located in Cusco Region in the Urumba Province of Machupicchu District, Peru, Machu Picchu is an Inca site which dates back to the 15th century. The elevation of the site is 2430 meters above the sea level. The site was built around the year 1450. Archeologists believe the site was built to serve as an estate for an Inca emperor, Pachacuti. This is surely the most prominently known Inca civilization in the world. Visiting Machu Picchu is an unforgettable experience.
Photo Credits (Flickr CC): Machu Picchu by jopotts
The archaeological and historical city of Petra, Jordan, is the most visited attraction in the Middle East for its water conduit system and rock-cut structure for. Due to the color of the stone of the most famous Petra attraction, it is sometimes referred as the Rose City. The city is believed to have been established as early as 312 BC. It was declared as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1985 and in 2007 it was included as one of the New 7 Wonders of the world. Going on holiday to Jordan without visiting this wonder would be a missed opportunity!
Photo Credits (Flickr CC): Petra by pamas
The Roman Colosseum
The Roman Colosseum is the largest amphitheater ever built in the world. It is commonly known as Flavian Ampitheatre. It is strategically located at the center of the city of Rome and is considered one of the most iconic historical structures in entire Europe. When it was operational, it could house up to 80,000 people. The construction of the structure started in 72 AD and completed in 80AD. Due to a devastating earthquake, a portion of the Colosseum got severely damaged, nowadays only the ruins of the original structure can be found.
Photo Credits (Flickr CC): Colloseum by jacopo